Survival Kitchen: How To Revive Cast Iron Cookware

Want to know the best thing about cast iron skillets and pots? They’re practically indestructible and will last literally hundreds of years.

I used to have a couple that were well over a hundred years old. When they were stolen, I was heartbroken. Yes, that’s right. Somebody stole them. And that, my friends, is about the only circumstance from which you can’t revive your cast iron cookware.

Another great thing about cast iron is that, unlike most other kitchenware, you can use it on an open camp fire without damaging it. As a matter of fact, Dutch ovens were designed for just that use. They’re suitable to bury in the coals and use them as an outdoor oven.

Since you can use them outdoors, they’re excellent for making one-dish meals in and come in sizes that can accommodate a meal for one or a meal for ten depending on your needs.

How to Find Quality Cast Iron

I absolutely love this part – I have 6 different pieces of cast-iron cookware and I only bought one of them new. I found each of the other pieces at yard sales and junk stores.

Actually, I found the two skillets that were stolen at an old “antiques” store (translate junk shop) that sat along the highway leading into Mt. Airy, NC. I bought each of them for $5. Best 10 bucks I’ve ever spent.

This is the most important investment you can make to your well prepared survival kitchen!

I live in Florida now, and I still see them at about a quarter of the yard sales that I go to, and probably three quarters of the estate sales, and most of the time they’re listed at less than $5. The salvation army and Goodwill frequently have them, too.

You can, of course, also find them used online from places like eBay, Craigslist, Freecycle, and Letgo, and you can buy them new at any home goods or super store. Basically, cast iron cookware is about as easy to find as toilet paper. Well, almost.

What to Look For

The good thing about cast iron is that even if it’s got some surface rust, it’s usually redeemable. What you want to watch for, though, are integrity issues.

Check to make sure that there are no cracks, and rub your fingers along the sides and bottom to check for uniform thickness. Set it flat and make sure that it doesn’t rock. Test the handle and make sure it’s sturdy.

Make sure that there aren’t too many cooked-on rough spots because, though you CAN get usually get them out, it’s a lot of work considering how easy common pieces like skillets and griddles are to find. If it’s a good one and you’re willing to invest the elbow grease and the time it will take to re-season it, then use the rough spots as a means to talk them down on the price.

Just make sure that it’s actually a cooked-on rough spot, though, and not rust that’s been painted over. I’ve seen it, believe it or not.

If you flip the cast iron skillet or pot over and there’s a lipped ridge or rim around the bottom of it, it’s an old one. That lip was used to keep it steady on top of a wood burning cook stove, so you can figure it’s a good 100 years old, at least, and likely older.

There will also likely be a seam visible across the bottom. Don’t let on like you know what you have because, if it’s in good shape, you’ve found a gem!

How to Revive Old Cast Iron

Now that you’ve got your gem at home, it’s time to bring it back to life! What I’m about to tell you may earn me some frowns from “those who say so,” but I’m speaking from 30 years of experience finding, reviving, and using cast iron cookware.

  • If it has rust that won’t just rinse off, sticky stuff, or baked-on crusties, use a steel wool pad to scrub all of the rust off. All of it. Inside and out. Yes, I’m aware that they say not to do this, but who are ‘they’?
  • Now that you have a clean, rust-free surface, it’s time to re-season it. Preheat your oven to 350 degrees F and bake the piece until it’s almost too hot to handle.
  • Remove it and apply a thin layer of vegetable oil, olive oil, or solid shortening inside and out. No butter or cooking spray. You may want to put a cookie sheet under it in the oven in case it drips, but you really shouldn’t have that much on it.
  • Put it back in the oven and bake for an hour, then allow it to cool completely and repeat the process. I like to repeat twice, at least, so that the seasoning really has a chance to set.

Remember that this is just the beginning of the seasoning part and unless you were fortunate enough to get one that already had a nice seasoning to it, it may take a few uses for the seasoning to completely cure and build a hard, non-stick coating on the inside of the pot or skillet.

Video first seen on Tasty.

The first few times I use a new skillet, I like to cook fatty foods such as bacon, sausage, or other meats in them so that they can absorb the fat and really get a nice non-stick coating going. Before you know it, it will be the best egg skillet you have. Seriously.

People differ in how they like to clean their cast iron. Some say not to use any soap, ever – just wash it out with water and call it good. I have a bit of a problem with that because of silly little things like salmonella and other creepy crawlies that make people sick. I use soap, but make sure that I rinse it WELL.

I definitely do not use steel wool on any of my skillets or pots after they’re seasoned. You shouldn’t have to. If food becomes cooked on, I just put a bit of water in the skillet and if it won’t soak off in the sink after a few minutes, I place it on the stove with about a half-inch of water in it and bring the water to a boil. That usually works to get off any stuck-on food.

Once you’ve washed it, place it on the stove on low heat so that it dries completely, then add a thin layer of oil (I just put a drop in the middle of the skillet and wipe it around with a paper towel) and let it cool. Done.

I really can’t emphasize enough how important it is not to let your cast iron air dry. It promotes rust, plus each time you heat it and add oil, it helps keep it non-stick so that your great-grandkids can enjoy it long after you’re gone. They will appreciate it as much as we appreciate the knowledge that we’ve inherited from our forefathers.

We still have a lot to learn from our ancestors. Click the banner below to discover more of the secrets that kept them alive!


This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia.

Written by

Theresa Crouse is a full-time writer currently living in central Florida. She was born and raised in the hills of West Virginia, where she learned to farm, hunt, fish, and live off the land from an early age. She prefers to live off the grid as much as possible and does her best to follow the “leave nothing behind but footprints” philosophy. For fun, she enjoys shooting, kayaking, tinkering on her car and motorcycle, and just about anything else that involves water, going fast, or the outdoors.

Latest comments
  • I was lucky enough to be gifted some old cast frying pans that a friend had collected over the years from the gold fields of Dawson City Yukon. Old Newt had lived in Dawson since 1936 and had wonderful stories about some of the gold rush pioneers that he met. These pans are rusty but Newt insisted that to get the rust out you fill the pan with wet sand and put them over a fire and really heat them up. I have yet to try this, but I do have great respect for Newt’s ideas.

  • I generally use lard for seasoning although you better run the kitchen fan.

    A newer alternative that I have heard about is using flax-seed oil, baking at 400 -450, degrees, if I remember the temperature correctly This will put a non-stck enamel surface on you cast iron.

    • Hmmmm…I was always told that Flax Oil goes rancid at a room temperature in only 20 mins.! And I have heard you should never, ever bake with it, as it turns to transfat at quite low temps.! Not sure if you can or cannot bake a flax oiled cast iorn pan in the oven at that temp. Does anyone know FOR SURE?

  • My wife loves to spend her extra time at second hand stores and the like. She has brought home her share of crusty cast iron.
    Her remedy to take it back down? She will wait until it is time to put the oven on self-clean, and in it goes. She duplicates seasoning the same way as above, but has limited need of deep scrubbing to remove old build-up.
    When we have an outside fire going, at the end of the night, she will have me bury one of her latest built-up pans in the embers. Next morning, once the ashes have cooled, a quick rinse outside, a fine tune-up scrub-down, and she starts seasoning the newest arrival.

  • Thankfully, someone finally agrees with me that using a mild dish soap to clean a cast iron pan won’t hurt it. If properly seasoned and used regularly, the soap can’t do a thing to it except get cooked-on food off of it. I use blue Dawn Dishwashing Liquid, and have for years. However, I do air dry my skillets by standing them on end (handle up) in an old fashioned dish drainer. The water drains off quickly and doesn’t set to evaporate. I don’t oil them after use either. If any of them begin to show a little rust, they get seasoned in the oven again. Mine are mostly old pieces, and have been used extensively, so they seldom need any additional seasoning. It’s the newer ones that aren’t quite cured yet that need re-treatment.

    CD in Oklahoma

  • I have a fairly large collection of cast iron cookware. All but one were bought at yard sales and flea markets. Many had rust and/or crusty buildup. Found the best way to clean for both was to soak in water/vinegar solution. Some of the cookware was so big, I needed to use a clean rubber trashcan so the pots were sitting/standing completely in the vinegar solution. I let them soak for several hours. Once most of the “gunk” was gone I then scrubbed with steel wool, rinsed, and wiped dry until towel no longer had red or dark staining. Sometimes I let them soak again in vinegar and used steel wool again. I then rubbed the pans with olive oil, wiped with clean towel until the shine from oil was gone. I put into 500 degree oven for an hour, and they were done. Sometimes you might need to repeat oil/bake cycle, but that didn’t happen often. When the skillets get dull looking, I reseason.

  • Good articles by Theresa. Just as sturdy as cast iron are the stainless fry pans. they may not do as well as non-stick, but they will last as long as cast iron. If I already have a couple or three stainless pans, why get cast iron? Thanks.

    • Jack, stainless will not last nor sustain the heat as well as cast-iron. In a survival situation you are better off obtaining the v very best you can buy. Buying cheap will get you what you paid for in so many ways…

  • This is all really nice and cool but it doesn’t seem to fit with this site. The easiest way to season cast iron is to Simply build a small hardwood fire and set the cast iron utility in the middle of the fire face down roll around do not let it get in the ashes. Once you are finished, and it has cooled enough, rub it with some good old-fashioned lard rub it really really good and set it back in the fire for a few minutes. Remove and repeat. The last time you simply wipe it dry with a cloth and there you go

  • I am not sure if this is been covered, but a great “food” remover is SALT. Just sprinkle some onto the cast iron and rub with a cloth or paper napkin until you are clean, then lightly rinse, warm it and re-oil. It works great especially with a well seasoned pan, it gets all the “food” off. No soap needed. This way is good to use when camping. No soap to pollute the land or waters. Cast Iron makes the best cornbread, cobblers and rolls, YUM.

  • Hey! I have a cast iron that was gross for a couple months- moldy, rusty and pieces of the surface looking nice and glossy while others not as much. It looks a bit similar to the one in this video.
    I reseasoned it well, and would normally have no problem using it but I was wondering if there’s any concern with parts of it being that fresh glossy top layer, and parts being (maybe) the next layer down, more dull looking. After I seasoned it, it looks pretty darn good. Not perfect. So I am thinking it’s all good. Just want to make sure I am not getting an excess of iron in my food. What are your thoughts?

  • I recommend using well cared for cast iron cookware. You won’t be getting much iron at all, no harm done. Though what little bit is still beneficial for the ladies. Much safer than other pieces which have non-stick coating. Plus, cast iron will become heirlooms, passed down through family generations!! BTW, my folks called them “Wrought Iron”.