Back To Basics: Grinding Grains For Flour At Home


There are many reasons why you may want to grind your own grains at home. Making your own flour is a rewarding experience, and your product will still have all of the nutrients and flavor that commercial milling takes away. In a survival situation, you may only have access to grains, nuts and seeds and will need to know how to make your own flour from what you have.

Milling at home is also a great way to blend unique flours so that you can make baked goods with distinctive flavor, nutritional, and texture profiles. It’s also amazingly simple and requires very little time.

Equipment Needed for Grinding Grains

Many grains are easily ground just by using a food processor or even a good blender. Others require heavier equipment such as a flour mill. Other tools that can be used include the old school mortar and pestle, spice mills, manual or electric coffee grinders and small electric grinders made specifically for home milling.

What Kinds of Grains Work Best?

Traditional flours are made predominantly from wheat, barley, and rye. Corn is also up there on the list, especially for people who enjoy cornbread or corn tortillas.

You don’t have to limit yourself to making flour from just grains. You can make it from nuts, seeds, beans, rice, and roots as well. These lend beautiful flavors and distinctive textures to your finished flour and may also be a viable alternative to those who don’t want the gluten that’s in wheat, rye, and barley.

You do need to know that if you’re not using wheat, barley, or rye in your flours, they will behave differently because they lack gluten, the protein that gives those types of flours elasticity and also helps them bind and rise. You can always add xanthan gum or guar gum to other flours to mimic that if you need to but the textures won’t be quite the same.

Here is a list of just a few of the products that you can use to make flour at home:

  • Wheat
  • Barley (though it’s bitter – you don’t want to use it alone)
  • Rye
  • Spelt
  • Corn
  • Oats
  • Buckwheat
  • Millet
  • Quinoa
  • Nuts such as almonds, hazelnuts, cashews, pecans, macadamias, and walnuts
  • Seeds such as sunflowers, hemp, pumpkin, amaranth and flax
  • Potatoes (yes, potatoes)
  • Arrowroot
  • Tapioca
  • Coconut
  • Soybean

This is by no means an inclusive list but it’s a starting point. How you grind them depends upon how hard they are. With the exception of some beans, the products above all grind well in a coffee grinder or food processor.

Grinding Your Own Grains, etc.

Using a mortar and pestle may very well be your only option if SHTF (Shit Hits The Fan) but we recommend being well-prepared for making your own flour if that’s what you plan to do.

Homesteader Cornbread RecipeYou can pick up a manual coffee grinder at yard sales, flea markets and even the store for very little money. Make sure to grab an heir and a spare, too. If one breaks, you’re going to need a backup.

Depending upon where you live, you may have access to some sort of nut, seed, or grain even if you don’t stockpile any. If you live near soybean fields or have a walnut or pecan tree, you’re golden. You can, of course, always grow corn, sunflowers, and pumpkins, too.

Until then, you may wish to use your food processor or mill since you have electric because it’s much easier.

If you’ve purchased grains, corn or seeds for grinding, you can mill them just as they are. If you’d like, you can always toast the seeds and nuts to add a bit more flavor. Now, let’s get started.

  1. Make sure that your product is clean and dry. Often there are bugs, rocks, or other debris in there and you don’t want to grind those up into your flour. As a matter of fact, though the bugs may add more protein (kidding!), the rocks will be pretty hard on your grinder, so pick through carefully.
  2. Fill your grinder or food processor up no more than 2/3 of the way. Half is better so that the product can reach the blades and be ground equally.
  3. Grind until you have smooth, fluffy flour.
  4. Open your grinder and pick out the larger chunks. You can grind a bit more or just pick them out and grind them alone, which is probably the better option. Toss them in with the next turn, if you’re doing more, or just do them alone. No need to waste them.
  5. Repeat the process until you’ve made all of the flour that you need.
  6. Sift the flour (you don’t have to but we like to for some recipes and for some products because it gets out the rest of any little chunks. A chunk of nut is ok, but we’re not big fans of having half of a garbanzo bean in our brownies!
  7. Store your flour in an airtight container in a cool, dry place, preferably the freezer or fridge. Because it’s fresh and isn’t packed full of bleach and preservatives, your “live” flour won’t last as long as the “dead” store-bought ones.

Helpful Tips:

  • If your grinder sounds like it’s bogging down, check for nuts, seeds, or grains that are stuck under the blades. If it’s clear and still sounds like that, you may have too much in there. Pour some out and grind two batches.
  • Always be sure that your equipment is clean because these flours will go rancid quickly. If there is still flour stuck in there from the last time, you’re adding gross flour and other nasties into your fresh batch.
  • Don’t over-grind your nuts. Otherwise, you’ll have nut butter instead of flour. Pulse them until they’re flour but be careful. Though almond butter is delicious, it’s not nearly as good for dredging pork chops in as almond flour is!

Difference between Meal and Flour

You have undoubtedly heard of cornmeal and possibly even almond meal, but what’s the difference between a meal and flour? Meals are ground more coarsely. They’re great for several different uses because they add a heartier flavor and more texture to your goods. They’re bad, though, if you’re shooting for something nice and light to make a cake with.

Home Made Almond Meal RecipeTo make meal, just don’t grind your product as long. When it starts to get a crumbly texture, you’re done. Compare it mentally to cornmeal. You want to keep that grainy feel. This is really good when you’re making a hearty loaf of country bread but if you’re shooting for hot rolls, grind longer.

Grinding your own grains is a wonderful idea for surviving a SHTF scenario because you’re getting a ton of nutrition from your flour. Commercial white flour has practically no nutrients other than carbohydrates, and there’s not really any fiber in there to help slow down the digestion.

Though white bread is better than starving to death, freshly ground flours offer nutrition and fiber that will help you be hearty and full regardless of your circumstances. And they taste great, too!

If you grind your own grains at home, we’d love to hear about your experience in the comments section below.

This article has been written by Theresa Crouse for Survivopedia.

Recipe sources:


Written by

Theresa Crouse is a full-time writer currently living in central Florida. She was born and raised in the hills of West Virginia, where she learned to farm, hunt, fish, and live off the land from an early age. She prefers to live off the grid as much as possible and does her best to follow the “leave nothing behind but footprints” philosophy. For fun, she enjoys shooting, kayaking, tinkering on her car and motorcycle, and just about anything else that involves water, going fast, or the outdoors.

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