Are you an adventurer who likes spending time in nature?
Whether you like hiking, camping, spending time in the woods, or going on safaris in the desert, each activity carries danger with it. You can’t predict if something will happen but what you can do is to be prepared.
Preparedness is half of the job. Knowing what you need to focus on in such situations, what you always need to carry, and what you need to do can save your life. What’s also important is that it can save the lives of your companions as well.
Now, all of you fellow wilderness lovers, read the following tips carefully and you’ll be good to go on the next adventure without any fear.
1. Look for Water
One of the main necessities for survival is water. Without it, you won’t stand a chance. Did you know that you can only live 3 days without any water? That’s how important water is.
Even if you have had some water reserves you are bound to run out of them and then you’ll be left with nothing. That is why you need to know how to look for water and where you can find it. Here are a few tactics for collecting water that you can apply:
- Collect dew with your shirt. Use your shirt to collect dew by pressing it onto the ground. Then wring the shirt and drink the dew directly or pour it into the water bottle.
- Drag a piece of cloth through the woods. Tie it to your leg and keep walking through the woods. The dew from the plants will be absorbed by the cloth.
- Let the ants guide you. When you come across a train of ants going up the tree there is probably a water source there. Look for a crotch in the tree where they are going in, and put a piece of clothing in there to collect water. You can also look into the holes of decaying or dead trees.
- Go parallel to the mountain. When there is a mountain there is usually a stream there somewhere. Just walk parallel to the mountain and you will come across a source of water.
- Dig in the dry stream or river beds. The water should be below the surface. The best place to dig is on the outside edge.
- Look under the rocks. Rocks slow down the evaporation process so there might be some dew left under them. Just before the dawn is the perfect time to turn over every rock you find and collect moisture with a cloth.
- Eat cactus fruit. If you find yourself in the dessert look for prickly pear cactus pads or barrel cactus fruit. They are safe to eat and contain lots of water that your body will desperately need.
2. Boil the Water
If there is a river, lake, pond, or a stream you will have a source of water. But the water you will find there is dirty and needs to be sterilized. For this, you’ll need a metal container that you can put onto the fire and let the water boil. The water needs to be boiled for at least 20 minutes.
“I have learned from a young age that steady water sources aren’t clean enough for us to drink from. That’s why we shouldn’t drink directly from them. If you don’t have a water filter on you, find a way to sterilize water,” said Jason DuBois, a digital marketer at BeGraded and passionate adventurer.
Even though using a metal container is the easiest option, there is another solution. You can make a boiling pit. Here is what you need to do:
- Dig a hole next to your campfire (length and width approximately 2 feet (0.61 m) and depth approximately 2 feet (0.61 m))
- Separate the soil and the clay (clay is reddish and sticky)
- Put the clay all around the hole so there are no cracks in the layer of clay
- Use any form of a container (even a hat or a shoe will do) to transport water from the water source to the pit. Fill in the hole completely with water.
- Heat rocks by using the campfire. They should be heated for around 10 minutes and then you should put them in the pit. Mix the hottest rocks with the ones that have cooled down to have a steady boil.
3. Make a Shelter
A survival shelter will keep you warm, safe, and dry. If you find yourself in the wild, one of the first things you must do is to set up a shelter.
You’ll need to find a large surface that will block the wind and keep you hidden from wild animals. It can be a fallen tree or rock outcropping. First, inspect that some animals aren’t already inhabited there.
Collect longer and bigger branches (possibly 6 feet (1.8 m) long and 2 inches (5.1 cm) wide) and lean them against the rock or the fallen tree. The shelter doesn’t have to be big. The only important thing is that you can fit your body inside, even if you have to curl up.
Use smaller branches to fill in the gaps between big branches. No matter how close you put the big branches, the gaps will be there. Use the debris and leaves to cover the entire shelter.
Put dry leaves or pine needles on the shelter’s ground. You don’t want to sleep on the damp soil. Keep in mind that you should replace the leaves from the ground each day.
If you are in the desert, dig out the hole in the ground and cover it with clothing to keep you out of the sun.
The hole in the ground can also serve as a shelter in areas where there are no trees or branches. Cover the hole with sticks if you are in the colder climate. Lying in the ground will keep your body warm. Put leaves, dirt, and debris around you to preserve your body’s warmth.
4. Find Food
You’ll need your strength in the wild and for that, you need to find edible food. Unless you are an extremely skilled hunter, the chances of you catching a wild animal are less than zero. That’s why you need to focus on other options.
Let’s start with the grossest food choice – bugs. Eating bugs can sound disgusting but the fact is that they are very nutritious. Medical News Today shared, “Insects are considered highly nutritional. The majority of them are rich in protein, healthy fats, iron, and calcium, and low in carbohydrates.” They also added that the authors of the FAO report claim that insects are as nutritious as commonly consumed meats like beef.
In the wilderness, you can find many different plants but they aren’t all safe to eat. Berries, leaves, edible inner bark can all serve as food. However, you should educate yourself about what you should and shouldn’t eat.
Have a sharp stick with you when you roam around. Use it to catch small mammals like squirrels, rabbits, and similar. However, don’t depend solely on your hunting skills.
Try to have your meals in the evening. The reason why is that when the body metabolizes food it creates heat. In that way, your body will exude extra warmth when it gets the coldest.
5. Start a Fire
A fire can help you in more than one way. It keeps the wild animals away, it allows you to cook food, and it keeps you warm. Starting a fire without a lighter or matches is challenging but it isn’t impossible.
There are many different methods of starting a fire but we’ll introduce the easiest and most probable one – the bow drill method.
“I tried out various tactics for lighting a fire but I have to admit that I failed consistently. It’s harder than it looks like, trust me. The only way that worked for me is the bow drill method, so if you’re gonna try something out, opt for that one,” said Matthew Willis, a researcher and content writer at WriteScout.
Start by building a fire pit. The dimensions should be similar to the water pit for boiling water. It is relevant that you have a deeper hole so that the wind doesn’t ruin your plans.
Pile up some dry sticks or pine needles in the pit and surround the pit with rocks.
The next assignment is to make a bow drill. Look for a rock or hardwood that has a divot. Then, look for softwood and put a hole in it by using a sharp rock.
For the bow-like piece, find a green branch that is sturdy. If it has a slight curve like a bow that would be perfect. Tie the ends of this stick with a shoelace.
Put the softwood in the fire pit along with the drill. The string of the bow should be wrapped around it with a single loop. The bow should be parallel to the ground.
Lastly, firmly hold the softwood with a foot and securely position the top of the drill in the divot. The drill should spin as you draw the bow back and forth. Consequently, it should create friction on the softwood which will lead to a spark.
Bonus Tip: Always Carry Around Survival Necessities
These tips are based on a situation where you don’t have any survival kit or equipment with you. However, it is highly advised that you always travel prepared.
It doesn’t matter if you are just going for a short walk alone in the woods, or you and your family are going for a drive in the desert. You should always carry some essentials with you. There are some items that can save your life if you find yourself in the middle of nowhere.
What you must carry on any trip is:
- A sharp knife
- Metal container
- Water bottle
- Rain jacket
- Contact whistle
- A lighter or matches
- A tinder kit
- Wool mittens or work gloves
- A Blanket
- Dehydrated food and nuts
You can add many other things on this list but these are the very basics that you should never leave your house without. If you travel by car, keep all of these items in your car all the time. Otherwise, put them in a backpack and carry that with you.
If you want to have any chance of surviving in the wild with nothing, this is what you need to know. Information such as this can be of crucial importance in saving your life. Hopefully, you have read these tips carefully before you head into a new adventure.